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Nevada State Statistics
Nevada State Flag
NEVADA Name means "snow capped" in Spanish. Nevada is 110,540 square miles; 485 miles long, 315 miles wide, Nevada ranks as the seventh largest in the United States. Nevada was the 36th state to be admitted. Nevada consists of seventeen counties.
CLARK COUNTY County was created Feb. 5 1908 and is named in honor of the U. S. senator, William A. Clark from Montana. He is also famous for building the San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad. The county is 7,881 square miles, 20,490.6 square kilometers, comparable to the area of Massachusetts.
LAS VEGAS Founded in 1905. The name means "the meadows" in Spanish. Incorporated March 16, 1911, Las Vegas covers 84.272 square miles, 219.1 square kilometers.
AREA (land) 109,826 sq miles (water) 761 sq miles (TOTAL) 110,587 sq miles
CAPITAL Carson City
FAMOUS DATES 1861 - Admitted as Territory of Nevada on March 2, 1861.
1864 - Admitted as the State of Nevada on October 31, 1864.
LOCATION Latitude 36:10:30 N - Longitude 115:08:11 W
MEAN ELEVATION (average) 5,489 ft.
HIGHEST POINT Boundary Peak; 13,145 feet
LOWEST POINT Colorado River; 470 feet
COUNTIES 17
COASTLINE  
GEOGRAPHIC CENTER approximately 26 miles to the southeast of Austin, in Lander County
STATE FOSSIL The Ichthyosaur (Shonisaurus) was designated in 1977 as the state fossil. Nevada has the only complete skeleton. This extinct marine reptile measures 55 feet.
STATE GRASS Indian Rye Grass (Oryzopsis hymenoides), once a staple food source for Nevada Indians once used this grass as a food source. This grass has ability to re seed itself and is ideal for areas damaged by fire or overgrazing.
STATE REPTILE The Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizi); is the largest reptile in the Southwestern United States. They live in the extreme southern parts of Nevada, spending most of their tim underground in burrows to escape the heat. The Desert Tortoise lives to be 70+ years old and ranges in color from black to tan.
STATE ROCK Sandstone, is found throughout the State. This rock is famous for the natural scenery it provides throughout Nevada.
STATE GEMSTONE Black Fire Opal, found in only one spot in the North American continent - Virgin Valley, Nevada.
STATE FLAG Adopted March 26, 1929. The state flag has a Cobalt blue background with a 5-pointed star, with the word Nevada in gold letters under the star, located in the upper left quadrant between two sprays of sagebrush crossed forming a half wreath. A scroll located on the top of the wreath is gold in color and depicts the words BATTLE BORN in black letters.
STATE COLORS Silver and Blue
STATE SEAL Adopted February 24, 1866. A gold seal embossed with the words "The Great Seal of the State of Nevada" around the edge. Interior design shows picture of mining, agriculture, industry and Nevada scenery. Under the scroll appears the State motto, "ALL FOR OUR COUNTRY".
STATE SLOGAN The Battle Born State - Adopted March 26, 1937
STATE MOTTO All for our country
STATE SONG "Home Means Nevada" - By Mrs. Bertha Raffetto, Reno
STATE TREE Single-leaf Pinon
STATE BIRD Mountain Bluebird
STATE ANIMAL Desert Bighorn Sheep
STATE FISH Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
STATE METAL Silver
STATE NICKNAMES Silver State - Sagebrush State - Battle Born State
STATE FLOWER Sagebrush - Adopted March 20, 1917
BORDERING STATES Arizona - California - Idaho - Oregon - Utah

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